Miner’s Lettuce: Grow Your Own Wood Elf Greens

February's Harvest: Miner's Lettuce

February’s Harvest: Miner’s Lettuce

I don’t grow lettuce any more. We’ve found other greens that are hardy in winter, less attractive to slugs, and even more delicious (although I do have a thing for butter lettuce).

Miner’s Lettuce, Claytonia perfoliata, is one of our favorites. Not only does it taste wonderful, it has a certain wood elf magic to it – We’ve enticed kids who hate greens into eating bowls full of it, just because the leaves still look enchanted when they’re tossed with a simple dressing and served for dinner.

We’re lucky to have a bed of it that self sows to replace itself every year in late winter, giving us fresh green salads from January or February through late spring. It’s a native woodland plant along the coast and in the mountains from southern Alaska down to Central America, but we found our original seed packet in the European Greens section of Territorial Seeds. That one seed packet became the perennial patch in one of our raised beds. Miner’s lettuce is high in Vitamin C (it got its common name when it kept early European miners and settlers in its North American range from getting scurvy), and as a member of the purslane family, it may also have omega-3 fatty acids to share.

Miner's Lettuce in Bloom © Rebecca Rockefeller

Miner’s Lettuce in Bloom

We eat it in all stages, from small spear-shaped leaves through the larger heart-shaped phase with tiny white flowers. The stems are lovely when the leaves are small, but as they grow larger, we start to trim the thicker stems off. My kids love this best with a simple vinaigrette or straight from the garden, garnished with nothing at all. I’ve read that it can be boiled like spinach, but we’ve never tried that – If you have, please let me how it is.

I harvest ours with my pair of kitchen shears, cutting the top layer of leaves off. This creates bald patch of stems that will become a field of new leaves within days, when the babies from below grow up to take their place in the winter sun.

Raised Bed of Miner's Lettuce

Raised Bed of Miner’s Lettuce

If you’re looking for a winter green that rewards benign neglect with rich harvests, give miner’s lettuce a try; if you don’t have an area to grow your own, go foraging. Try it, you’ll like it, wherever you pick it.

5 comments on “Miner’s Lettuce: Grow Your Own Wood Elf Greens

  1. […] based on what we had on hand, so I decided to whip up an experimental batch with French sorrel and miner’s lettuce, since those are the two greens I have left from my winter garden. They’re both about to go […]

  2. Great info on the miner’s lettuce. Have you tried collecting seeds and replanting? We have a few plants struggling in the garden, and we’re looking for a way to spread them. We’ll buy seeds if we have to, but we like things cheap haha.

    Nice post.


    • Thanks! I haven’t tried collecting the seeds because my plants do such a great job as self-sowing – I let a few of them go to seed, and they broadcast the tiny black seeds all over the place; then I dig up the seedlings and transplant those around my garden or share them with friends. Good luck with your own patch!

  3. Hi, I’ve grow miners lettuce quite a few times over winter but then pulled it out in the spring in preparation for the new seasons crops. Was thinking on letting it just keep going and self seed itself. Does it completely die back in the summer for you? If so what do you put in its bed in the summer? Cheers

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